Non-Cognitive Skills "are those attitudes, behaviors, and strategies which facilitate success in school and workplace, such as motivation, perseverance, and self-control. The category of non-cognitive skills can also include: confidence, tenacity, trustworthiness, creativity, resilience and coping, social and communication skills (Gutman & Schoon, 2013).
In their literature review from 2013, entitled "The impact of on-cognitive skills on outcomes for young people," Gutman and Schoon, their key findings include positive outcomes for young people associated with school engagement, financial stability in adulthood, and reduced crime. They explained that research is limited in the areas of finding out how interventions affect young people in the long run.
Through the use of Rubik's Cube as an intervention for student with social/ emotional disabilities, who receive special education services in these areas may benefit in non-cognitive categories and hence improve their overall outcomes inside and outside of school settings.